Wile E. Coyote

Wile E. Coyote was a large part of my childhood. His cartoons were my favorite of all the Looney Tunes. I love his determination at catching the Road-Runner. I love his inexhaustible budget for all things ACME. I love the complexity of his Rube Goldberg-like plans. I love the absurdity of his failures.

One of my favorite episodes is “Beep, Beep” from 1958. In this one, Coyote employs blueprints to aid in his preparations against Road-Runner. I think of the blueprints as quintessential coyote-ness, however after a careful rewatch of all the shorts I have access to, he only uses blueprints in this episode and “Operation Rabbit.”

At any rate, the blueprints from this episode make me smile, and I thought printing the blueprints out would be a nice thing for a shop wall or for other family member who also have a fondness for the determined coyote.

I screen-grabbed some shots off of a Laser Disc compilation of Road Runner shorts and redrew them using Affinity Designer. I tried to be true to the source material so that the images would be clearly recognizable. I took some liberties by straightening some lines, using a font instead of hand written letters, etc., and I am pleased with the results.

Screen capture from Laser Disc

In this first scene, Wile E. Coyote plans to drop an anvil onto an unsuspecting Road-Runner from a tight-wire strung across a gorge.

Screen capture from Laser Disc

In this second scene, a box is rigged to explode when the water glass is lifted. One of the things I love about the box is that even though it is introduced near the beginning of the episode, the payoff comes at the end after the viewer has probably assumed the gag was over and not going to be revisited.

While, I don’t want him to hurt the Road-Runner, I do feel a sense of pity for him and all the pain he has to endure for the audience’s enjoyment.


Technical Drawings

When I was pretty young, my dad was working at a start-up with relatively few employees; maybe twenty or so. I used to go in and help with odd jobs. It started with assembling workbenches, pulling CAT5 cable and graduated on to mechanical assembly and packaging of products. Along the way I learned other skills too, like soldering, debugging, and illustration.

I grew up with exposure to Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Because of this exposure, I was asked to create an assembly drawing of our product. I had never done anything that complex before. I was sat down in an office with a computer running Adobe Illustrator, along with the assembly that needed to be drawn. I was pretty familiar with the part since I had assembled hundreds of them before. I worked for a full day (maybe more, I don’t remember since it was so long ago) and I created my first technical drawing.

Assembly Diagram for Indigita AVHD

I found that I enjoyed working in this style. Even today, I’m pretty pleased with how my first foray turned out.

Over the years I’ve had a few occasions to do this type of work, but not as often as I might prefer. When my family was involved with the Darpa Grand Challenge, I made some illustrations of the car, Golem 3.

Side view of a Prius

During my education I had numerous times when I was able to make use of this type of drawing for research papers and reports. In my internship, I created assembly instructions for mechanical arrowheads which relied heavily on technical drawings.

Assortment of product diagrams used in assembly instructions

Presently my full-time job description does not include this type of work, but I have found occasions when it became necessary to create drawings. For example, the user manual for the software I am working on needed diagrams to illustrate connection of the hardware with which our software operates. I took it upon myself to provide the artwork. It was a nice break from the routine.

User’s Manual Connection Diagram

In diagrams, it’s important to use visual cues to convey orientation and differentiate parts. It’s equally as important to reduce extraneous features in order remove visual noise and not distract the viewer. Finding that balance of conveying enough, but not too much, visual information is very rewarding.

I also like the freedom of working with fewer colors. In many instances, these types of drawing will be printed in black and white, and even when drawings can be viewed in color, it’s best to leave them less saturated as to not distract and draw the eye of the viewer to unimportant details.

Doing this type of work is very relaxing for me.

More Time Machine Surprises

Another HDD bites the dust… I thought I was prepared. It turns out that there are always unexpected roadblocks when dealing with digital data.

Most recently, I decided to use a RAID 1 scheme (mirroring) as an additional piece of my data security plan. I then have a remote time machine backup. The Time Machine disk is smaller than my RAID, and as such, I only backupĀ  irreplaceable data, like photos and documents to Time Machine. The remainder, like MP3s and DVDs I left to the RAID for protection. In the worst case scenario, I can always re-rip a CD or DVD.

Lesson 1: RAIDs aren’t backups!

Things have been going fine, and I’d been living happily with this setup for about 3 years before disaster strikes. My disk disappeared while I was working, which causes all sorts of weird behaviors. One of the RAID slices failed. The failure was so bad that I couldn’t even read any smart data from the disk. I also couldn’t remount the RAID for some reason. I shut down, removed the failed HDD, and rebooted. The RAID disk reappeared!

But there’s a catch… I did a quick check to see if the data on the disk looks accurate. It turns out that it is not. In fact, it is 6 months out of date! How did that happen?? The only explanation is that RAID failed silently 6 months ago. I’ve been operating on only one disk this whole time!

Lesson 2: Mac OS doesn’t inform of RAID failure!

In fact, disk utility (in El Capitan) doesn’t even show problems with RAID sets at all. The only way to verify a RAID set’s health is to check manually using a command in the terminal, or use the Yosemite Disk Utility.

$ diskutil AppleRAID list

I promptly ordered a new HDD. My plan for recovery is to rsync the data from the out-of-date disk to the new disk, and then rsync the more recent backup from Time Machine on top of it. That will ensure that I have the most coverage of my data.

$ rsync -aPE /Volumes/Old\ Volume/ /Volumes/New\ Volume

When rsyncing, I use the options ‘a’, ‘P’, and ‘E’. The ‘a’ is for ‘archive’ and enables a lot of good switches. ‘P’ is so progress is displayed. This is helpful for gauging how the copy is going. ‘E’ is for extended attributes. I use this because I still have OS 9 files hanging around with resource forks that I am trying to preserve.

The plan goes accordingly, and all my data is merged onto the new HDD! I reboot, login, and then discover the new hiccup; I can’t write anything to my user folder. I can’t load preferences, save anything. I can’t even touch a file!

$ touch ~/test.txt
touch: ~/test.txt: Permission denied

I look at the permissions of my folder to make sure everything looks fine, and indeed it does!

$ ls -ld ~
drwxr-xr-x@ 99 michael staff 3366 13 Sep 14:47 /Users/michael/

I can’t wrap my head around what possible be wrong! If the permissions are right, and the user settings are right? What could the problem be?? My brother is smart enough to have me try listing with the ‘e’ option which shows extended attributes.

$ ls -lde ~
drwxr-xr-x@ 99 michael staff 3366 13 Sep 14:47 /Users/michael/
0: group:everyone deny add_file,delete,add_subdirectory,delete_child,writeattr,writeextattr,chown

Lesson 3: Time Machine puts protective ACLs on everything!

Access Control Lists (ACLs)… I hate ACLs… A wonderful combination of events led to every file being completely protected from all users via ACLs. First of all, I didn’t know this, but Time Machine protects all the backed up files using ACLs. This keeps users from unwittingly deleting things from their backups. It makes sense, but isn’t something I would have expected to be done on a file level. The second ingredient in this predicament is that I used the ‘-E’ option in rsync which copies the extended attributes. If I had left that off, this wouldn’t have been an issue…

Fortunately, there is an easy solution. Remove all the ACLs from everything! This is done with chmod.

$ sudo chmod -RN ~

This takes a while, but works as expected. My user folder is now working as expected, I can write and save documents. I can read my Photos library, etc. But there’s one more issue… I notice that my homebrew is acting funny. I look at my homebrew directory, and discover that none of the symbolic links have had the ACLs removed.

$ ls -le libpng-config 
lrwxr-xr-x+ 1 michael  501  41 Aug 16 22:50 libpng-config@ -> ./Cellar/libpng/1.6.31/bin/libpng-config
 0: group:everyone deny write,delete,append,writeattr,writeextattr,chown

Lesson 4: ACLs can’t be removed from Symbolic Links!

It turns out that using chmod to remove the ACLs from symlinks doesn’t work. The man page suggests that the -h should be used to remove the ACLs.

-h If the file is a symbolic link, change the mode of the link itself rather than the file that the link points to.

But that doesn’t work either.

$ sudo chmod -hN libpng-config 
$ ls -le libpng-config 
lrwxr-xr-x+ 1 michael 501 41 Aug 16 22:50 libpng-config@ -> ../Cellar/libpng/1.6.31/bin/libpng-config
 0: group:everyone deny write,delete,append,writeattr,writeextattr,chown

Searching online yields similar stories. It sounds like this is a long standing bug. Time to pull out the big guns… A one line bash script to erase and recreate all symlinks!

$ find . -type l | while read link; do echo $link; dest=$(readlink "$link"); sudo rm "$link"; ln -s "$dest" "$link"; done

It works like a charm. I run that across all the data that came from Time Machine, and it looks like I am back in business. Full recovery!

I need to change my way of protecting my data. 2 things I am going to do differently going forward:

  1. I won’t rely on RAID 1. The lack of notification if there is a slice failure is unacceptable. I will now use a weekly rsync chron job to sync my data to a second drive in my computer. Having a fully duplicated drive is handy because you can switch to it immediately in the event of a failure, and not have to go through a lengthy restoration process.
  2. Full backup to Time Machine. Although I didn’t suffer (major) data loss, I think it’s worth buying a larger HDD to create a full Time Machine backup, and not just the irreplaceable documents.

So, there you have it. Hopefully this will answer questions for other people out there, especially about ACLs!

© 2007-2015 Michael Caldwell